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Additional information related to the executive orders

Immigration 101

Economic Impact

Additional Information

Immigration 101

Many people may be unfamiliar with some common terms used in the immigration discussions. Here is some information about a few of the terms often used when discussing immigration issues: 

Immigrant - Though this term is used widely to refer to anyone in the country, in legal terms it refers to someone who has been granted permission to live permanently in the U.S.  Can also be called Legal Permanent Residents, LPRs, or Greencard holders. 

Non-immigrant -  Someone who has permission to come to the U.S. for a limited amount of time, but does not have permission to live here permanently.  Anyone in F-1 or J-1 status is a non-immigrant. 

Immigration status (or visa status) -  This is the immigration classification an international visitor currently holds in the U.S.  The end date is generally determined by the I-94 record.  

Visa stamp -  This is the large sticker that is attached to a passport.  It gives an international visitor permission to arrive in the U.S. and present himself or herself to an immigration official for entry.  The end date of the visa stamp does not necessarily establish the end of the immigration status.

The U.S. immigrant population stood at more than 43.3 million, or 13.5 percent, of the total U.S. population of 321.4 million in 2015, according to American Community Survey (ACS) data. In 2015, 1.38 million foreign-born individuals moved to the United States, a 2 percent increase from 1.36 million in 2014. The leading countries of origin are below:

- 179,800 from India
- 143,200 from China
- 139,400 from Mexico
- 47,500 from the Philippines
- 46,800 from Canada

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Economic impact

According to an article from  Harvard Business Review, the U.S. workforce is made up of 15% immigrants. In addition, immigrants make up a quarter of entrepreneurs (top-three initial earners in a new business) and a quarter of inventors (by patent). A Wharton School of Business  study  in 2016 found that immigration leads to more innovation, a better educated workforce, greater occupational specialization, better matching of skills with jobs, and higher overall economic productivity

Economic impact of DACA recipients
  • A January 2017 study from the CATO institute states that the U.S. economy could lose $280 million if the Trump Administration would deport all DACA recipients
    • An August report showed that 91% of DACA recipients are employed or in school.
    • At least 72% of the Top 25 Fortune 500 Companies employ DACA recipients
    • A petition from more than 400 business executives from companies including Apple, Facebook, Microsoft, Amazon, AT&T, Wells Fargo, Ikea and Best Buy urges President Trump and Congress to protect the Dreamers
  • A study from the Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy shows that DACA-eligible immigrants contribute $2 billion annually in state and local taxes
  • In a survey of more than 3,000 DACA recipients from 46 states and the District of Columbia conducted by the Center for American Progress, 45% of the respondents said they are currently in school
    • Of those in school, 72%  are pursuing a bachelor’s degree or higher.
    • The majors included accounting, biochemistry, business administration, chemical engineering, civil engineering, computer science, early childhood education, economics, environmental science, history, law, mathematics, mechanical engineering, neuroscience, physics, psychology, and social work
Economic impact of International Students
  • In academic year 2014-15, international students and their families in the U.S. contributed $30.5 billion to the economy supporting 373,000 jobs in the country (NAFSA Association of International Educators, 2016).
    • In the state of Ohio, the impact is $1 billion and 13,518 jobs
    • For OHIO students, this represents $52.6 million and 715 jobs
  • 40% of Fortune 500 companies were founded by immigrants or their children. Immigrants start more than 25 percent of new businesses. The US is the world’s largest economy, and immigrants have always been a critical component of it.

Additional information

  • Ohio University has students from around the world who have visas that have been vetted and cleared to enter the United States.  Their valid F-1 status allows them to live and study here as long as they meet all of the requirements of the F-1 program and remain in good standing. Some of the students are from the six countries named in the executive order and may not be able to re-enter the United States if they choose to travel to their home countries for a visit. In addition, they may not be able to receive visitors from their home countries if a travel ban is in place.
  • Ohio University is required by federal regulations to provide information about the students in F and J status to the Student and Exchange Visitor Program (SEVP), which is part of the Department of Homeland Security. This information includes, but is not limited to, biographical (i.e., name, DOB, citizenship, and addresses) and academic (i.e., program of study, enrollment status, and completion date) data. Ohio University must also respond to subpoenas.
  • Ohio University has faculty and staff who are here lawfully to work for Ohio University and share their skills and expertise with our students and university community. These employees may not be able to return to the United States if they choose to travel for work or to visit their families.
  • Ohio University has faculty and staff who are in the U.S.  as lawful-immigrants pursuant to the government granting them Legal Permanent Resident status (“Green cards”).

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